Animal Behavior: How and Why Animals Do the Things They Do by Ken Yasukawa

By Ken Yasukawa

Discover why animals do what they do, in keeping with their genes, physiologies, cultures, traditions, survival and mating merits, and evolutionary histories―and learn the way learning habit within the animal global is helping us comprehend human behavior.

• offers readers with own narratives from the researchers themselves, allowing infrequent insights into how researchers imagine and what drives their studies

• Explains animal habit at the animal's phrases instead of anthropomorphizing its activities as is usually performed within the renowned press and the media

• incorporates a complete thesaurus of behavioral terms

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Extra resources for Animal Behavior: How and Why Animals Do the Things They Do

Example text

Becoming proficient in methods to catch and kill animal life as a food source required trial-and-error attempts; knowledge gained was passed to subsequent generations. Animals that served as food sources included a vast array of invertebrates as well as all types of vertebrates, ranging from fish to mammals, and were found in both terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Last, and perhaps most important, early humans faced the constant threat of being eaten by a variety of carnivorous organisms. Knowing the habits and haunts of the larger mammals, as well as some reptiles and large fish, was requisite for survival.

Another possible strategy is called retaliator, which displays against dove but fights (retaliates) when attacked by hawk. Again assuming that the cost of injury to hawk is high, retaliator is an ESS against both dove and hawk. In some cases, however, the relationships are too complex for mathematical (analytical) solutions, so researchers can also use simulations to investigate behavior. Like mathematical models, simulations attempt to model a particular behavioral system to gain insight into how the system works, but they require a computer (or even a network of computers) programmed to perform the tedious calculations and to display the results in a useful way.

Science, 146, 347–353. Ploger, B. J. & K. Yasukawa (2003). Exploring Animal Behavior in Laboratory and Field. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. Popper, K. (1959). The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Hutchinson and Company. Pruett-Jones, S. & M. Pruett-Jones (1994). Sexual competition and courtship disruptions: Why do male bowerbirds destroy each other’s bowers? Animal Behaviour, 47, 607–620. Searcy, W. A. (1988). Dual intersexual and intrasexual functions of song in redwinged blackbirds. Proceedings of the XIX International Ornithological Congress, 1, 1373–1381.

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