Academic rebels in Chile: the role of philosophy in higher by Ivan Jaksic

By Ivan Jaksic

Many philosophers were appointed to top-level political positions in the course of Chile's glossy background. What makes Chilean philosophers special within the context of Latin the United States and past, is they have built a cosmopolitan purpose for either their participation and withdrawal from politics. All alongside, philosophers have grappled with primary difficulties resembling the function of faith and politics in society. they've got additionally performed a primary position in defining the character and goals of upper schooling. The philosophers creation constitutes a considerable, albeit principally unknown, section of the highbrow background of Chile and Latin the United States. This e-book describes intimately the evolution of philosophical paintings in Chile, and can pay shut cognizance to the connection among philosophical job and modern social and political occasions. quite a few Chilean philosophical assets are mentioned for the 1st time within the literature on Chilean principles. The paintings of such intellectuals as Andres Bello, Valentin Letelier, Enrique Molina, Jorge Millas, Juan Rivano, Juan de Dios Vial Larrain, and so on is tested relating to the central political and academic problems with their time. The ebook additionally develops a contrast among the 2 major currents of Chilean philosophy, specifically, a professionalist present that seeks the independence of the sphere from social and political involvements, and a severe present that seeks to narrate philosophical job to nationwide realities.

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5. ChileIntellectual life. I. Title. 83dc 198812675 CIP 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Page v To the memory of my father, Fabián Sebastián Jaksic * Rakela Page vii Contents Abbreviations ix Preface xi Introduction 1 I. PHILOSOPHY, THE SECULARIZATION OF THOUGHT, AND HIGHER EDUCATION: 18101865 13 Philosophical Studies in Chile after Independence 15 Philosophy and the University of Chile 27 Chile's Engagé Philosophers 34 II. THE ERA OF POSITIVISM: 18701920 41 The Introduction of Positivism in Chile 42 Valentín Letelier's Positivism and Germanic Influences 49 The Impact of Positivism on Philosophical Studies 56 III.

They effectively cut the already tenuous ties that existed between the discipline and larger educational and political events. Philosophy during this period appeared to have little to fear from political disruptions, to a great extent because the policies of the Page 10 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo administration (195258) kept a tight lid on political dissent. Philosophers became accustomed to carrying on their philosophical interests in isolation, and thus reacted with shock as the 1960s brought not only a high level of political mobilization but also the first critiques against their professionalistic orientation, which was alleged to be a rationale for detachment from social and political concerns.

This has provided philosophers with an opportunity to transmit their views to important segments of society. Page 4 It is indeed in the context of higher education that one can observe the development and centrality of philosophy. Since early in Chile's independent life, philosophy was not just another discipline in a diversified curriculum, but rather a prime force behind the creation and the transformation of Chilean higher education institutions throughout their history, particularly the University of Chile, founded in 1842.

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